17 And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.
Now John is measuring the wall. However, it does not state if he is measuring the height, width or thickness. What he is measuring is 144 cubits. Unlike the last page, it is not in the thousands. Additionally, it is a smaller unit of measure. Cubit comes from the Greek word pēchys (G4083). It is a measure of length equal to the distance from the joint of the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It is approximately 18 inches; however, its precise length varied and is disputed.
What is interesting is that it is the measure of man, that is, of the angel. Angel comes from the Greek word aggelos (G0032). It is in the Bible 186 times. It is translated angel 179 and messenger 7. It refers to a messenger, envoy. It is one that is sent from God either an angel or human messenger. This is one time it should have been translated messenger as opposed to angel. Refer to With All His Saints for further discussion.
The end of Revelation 21:17 should have been translated.
17B according to the measure of a man, that is, of the messenger.
It is the measure of man, because it is what a believer does during this time. It is their works that build the wall of New Jerusalem. These are the walls of sanctification. They kept the uncleanliness of the world out and enabled the city to be built in purity. These will bring forth the gospel message in the millennium.
Revelation 21:17 is similar to that of Revelation 19:8.
8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Just as the linen was the righteousness of the saints, the cubit represent the works of the believer. It is what they set themselves to do that built the walls of sanctification.
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