Exodus 38

In Exodus 38, the Children of Israel will complete the construction of items for the Mishkan, Ohel and Courtyard.  It will not be assembled until Exodus 40.  In Exodus 38, they will construct the Altar of Burnt Offerings, the Laver and the Courtyard.  After this is done, an accounting of the metals and the people will be done.

Exodus 38:1

1 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five ammahs was the length thereof, and five ammahs the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three ammahs the height thereof.

  • Bezaleel constructed the Altar of Burnt Offering from shittim wood.
  • Its dimensions are:
    • Length – 5 ammahs.
    • Width – 5 ammahs.
    • Height – 3 ammahs.

Exodus 38:2

2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass.

  • He made 4 horns of shittim wood to go on the Altar of Burnt Offering.
  • One at each corner.
  • He then over laid the Altar of Burnt Offering and horns with brass.

Exodus 38:3

3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basons, and the fleshhooks, and the firepans: all the vessels thereof made he of brass.

  • For the altar, Bezaleel made implements for the altar:
    • Pots
    • Shovels
    • Basons
    • Fleshhooks
    • Firepans.
  • These were all made of brass.

Exodus 38:4

4 And he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof beneath unto the midst of it.

  • He made a brass grate to go around the Altar of Burnt Offering.
  • This was on the side.
  • Grate was around the middle of the Altar of Burnt Offering.

Exodus 38:5-7

 5 And he cast four rings for the four ends of the grate of brass, places for the staves. 6 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with brass. 7 And he put the staves into the rings on the sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards.

  • Bezaleel made 4 rings of brass for the ends of the grate.
  • He made staves of shittim wood and overlaid them with brass.
  • Staves were inserted into the rings, this was to transport the Altar of Burnt Offering.
  • The entire Altar of Burnt Offering was hollow, it did not have a top or bottom.

Exodus 38:8

8 And he made the laver brass, and the foot of it brass, of the looking-glasses of women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

  • Next Bezaleel constructed the Laver.
  • It was made of brass.
  • However, different than the other items; the brass came from the looking-glasses of women.
  • The Laver which was used for washing the Priests’ hands and feet.
  • These were only required, because it represented the walk and what the priest did.
  • When they went to the Laver, they would see a vision of themselves. This served as a reminder that one should be cleansed at all times, when they are in the service of Yehovah.
  • For the believers today, James exhorts us in James 1:21-22.

21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and abundance of wickedness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. 22 But be you doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.

  • To have the word is insufficient, something must be done with it and the quicker the better.
  • If not, we may be considered a hypocrite.
  • Those who only hear the word, yet do nothing with it, they deceive themselves.
  • Their heart has been hardened.
  • This may seem harsh; however, there is Hebrews 3:12-13.

12Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. 13But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

  • If one does not do the word, then they depart from God.
  • That is considered to be a sin.
  • Sin leads to the hardening of the heart.
  • This happens because of the deceitfulness of sin.
  • It is the cycle of sin that leads to a soulish state further from God.
  • It starts out small and grows, unless one reverses the cycle.
  • That will take time and consistency through an entire lifetime.
  • People who do not act on the word, do not have ears and hearts to hear.
  • They will rationalize and put off doing what is expected by God.
  • This only leads to more self-deception in an individual’s life.
  • They will fall further from the truth.
  • It will be harder for that individual to know and understand the truth.
  • James describes this individual in James 1:23-24.

23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: 24 For he beholds himself, and goes his way, and straightway forgets what manner of man he was.

  • They hear, but do nothing with the word.
  • It is of non-effect in their lives.
  • They are blind to their own sin.
  • Yet, people who hasten to do the word; are actually healed, James 1:25.

25 But whoso looks into the perfect law of liberty, and continues, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.

  • They are blessed and healed, because they walk in the word.
  • For those who wonder why they are having problems, it is because they are not looking into the perfect law of liberty.
  • The perfect law of liberty is the Bible. All 66 books, Hebrew and Greek Scriptures.
  • It is a mirror when properly applied.
  • It can only be properly applied when one is in right relationship with God, John 4:23-24.

23But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship Him. 24God a Spirit: and they that worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth.

  • One is to read the Bible with the help of the Holy Spirit.
  • It must be both, one without the other is insufficient.
  • When one reads and prays, they should be looking for the mark on their face.
  • Their face being the entire countenance.
  • Through the help of God, one can start to clean their face, their presence.
  • Then they would be a doer of the word.

Exodus 38:9-10

9 And he made the Courtyard: on the south side southward the hangings of the Courtyard were of fine twined linen, an hundred ammahs: 10 Their pillars were twenty, and their brasen bases twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver.

  • After Bezaleel completed the Laver, He started to construct parts of the courtyard.
  • The hangings were fine twined linen.
  • The south was:
    • 100 ammahs.
    • 20 pillars with bases, these were made of brass.
    • The base of the pillar was the base that the pillar sat on.
    • Hooks on the pillar and fillets were silver.

Exodus 38:11

11 And for the north side an hundred ammahs, their pillars were twenty, and their bases of brass twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

  • The north side was:
    • 100 ammahs.
    • 20 pillars with bases, these were made of brass.
    • Hooks on the pillar and fillets were silver.

Exodus 38:12

12 And for the west side were hangings of fifty ammahs, their pillars ten, and their bases ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

  • The west side was:
    • 50 ammahs.
    • 10 pillars with bases, these were made of brass.
    • Hooks on the pillar and fillets were silver.

Exodus 38:13-15

13 And for the east side eastward fifty ammahs. 14 The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen ammahs; their pillars three, and their bases three. 15 And for the other side of the Courtyard Gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of fifteen ammahs; their pillars three, and their bases three.

  • East side was 50 ammahs.
  • East was split into 3 parts.
    • There were two sides, each were 15 ammahs in length.
    • Sides had 3 pillars with bases.
    • The sides were on either side of the gate.

Exodus 38:16-17

16 All the hangings of the Courtyard round about were of fine twined linen. 17 And the bases for the pillars were of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the overlaying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the Courtyard were filleted with silver.

  • These were not consistently mentioned in the previous verses.
  • All the hangings were fine linen. As noted below the gate will be different.
  • All bases were brass.
  • All hooks and fillets were silver.
  • At the top of each pillar it was a fillet overlay of silver. This was not described in Exodus 27.
  • The pillars had fillet overlays.

Exodus 38:18-19

18 And the hanging for the gate of the Courtyard was needlework, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty ammahs was the length, and the height in the breadth was five ammahs, answerable to the hangings of the court. 19 And their pillars were four, and their bases of brass four; their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver.

  • The hangings for the gate were more elaborate than the sides.
  • The gate’s hanging was needle work of blue, purple, scarlet and fine twined linen.
  • Gates dimensions are:
    • Length – 20 ammahs.
    • Height – 5 ammahs.
  • Gate had 4 pillars and bases made of brass.
  • Its hooks, fillets and chapiters overlay were silver.

Exodus 38:20

20 And all the pins of the Mishkan, and of the Courtyard round about, were of brass.

  • All pins used for assembling the Mishkan and the Courtyard were of brass.

Exodus 38:21

21 This is the sum of the Mishkan, even of the Mishkan of testimony, as it was counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest.

  • These are the only details for the Mishkan, the Ohel and the Courtyard construction.
  • From these details one could not construct exactly what was done in the wilderness.
  • This should remind the individual of Deuteronomy 29:29.

29 The secret to Yehovah our Redeemer: but those revealed to us and to our children for ever, that may do all the words of this Torah.

  • The Torah covers a lot of time.
  • However, the details are often lacking.
  • This is not important, what is important is what Yehovah has revealed.
  • Yehovah has provided more than enough information.
  • For an ardent believer, dedicated to the way; they would have everything they needed to live in Yehovah’s way, the Torah.

Exodus 38:22-23

22 And Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that Yehovah commanded Moses. 23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen.

  • At this point in the wilderness, Bezaleel and Aholiab completed all the work necessary for the Mishkan, Ohel and courtyard.
  • However, not everything is completed; there are a few more things to do.
  • The items left were:
    • Priest’s garments needed to be made.
    • Everything needed to be assembled.
    • Laws of service need to be explained.
    • Most importantly, it needed to start being used.

Exodus 38:24

24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine kikkars, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.

  • Total amount of gold for the holy place, Mishkan was 29 kikkars, 730 shekels.

Exodus 38:25

25 And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred kikkars, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary:

  • Total silver used for the entire construction was 100 kikkars and 1775 shekels.

Exodus 38:26

26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.

  • An accounting of the men was performed.
  • Those who were 20 years of age and older.
  • There was 603,055. This corresponds to the count in Numbers 1.

Exodus 38:27-28

27 And of the hundred kikkars of silver were cast the bases of the sanctuary, and the bases of the vail; an hundred bases of the hundred kikkars, a kikkar for a base.  28 And of the thousand seven hundred seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters, and filleted them.

  • The silver that was is Exodus 38:25 was used as follows:
    • 100 kikkars were used to make the bases for the pillars.
    • 1 kikkar per base.
    • The 1775 shekels was used to make hooks and fillet overlays.

Exodus 38:29-31

29 And the brass of the offering was seventy kikkars, and two thousand and four hundred shekels. 30 And therewith he made the bases to the door of the Ohel of the congregation, and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and all the vessels of the altar, 31 And the bases of the Courtyard round about, and the bases of the Courtyard gate, and all the pins of the Mishkan, and all the pins of the Courtyard round about.

  • The total brass was 70 kikkars and 2400 shekels.
  • These were used to construct:
    • Bases for the Ohel door.
    • Altar of Burnt Offering, its grate and vessels.
    • Bases for the courtyard.
    • Bases for the gate.
    • All pins.
  • The exact units of measure for the ammah, kikkar and shekel are unknown today.

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