Exodus 39

This is the final chapter prior to the assembly of the Mishkan and Ohel.  There are things in Exodus 39 that are not discussed in previous chapters.  When they built all the items, it was to a specific specification.  Something that has not survived to this day nor was it supposed to.  There will not be another Tabernacle or Temple built on earth in the future.  God never intended it, because there is a tabernacle in the heavenlies that should be sufficient.  Although, we do not have the exact pattern of the Tabernacle, we do have the pattern for following His footsteps, and so all words should be carefully studied and incorporated into our lives as footstep followers of Messiah.

Exodus 39:1

1 And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • The last thing that needed to be accomplished before assembling the tabernacle and courtyard was making of the priestly garments.
  • Cloths of service were made of blue, purple and scarlet.
  • There is no mention of the Cloths in Exodus 28 or in the other descriptions of the Mishkan and Ohel. The only other place is Exodus 31:10.

10 And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest’s office,

Exodus 39:2-4

2 And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. 3 And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut wires, to work in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, cunning work. 4 They made shoulder pieces for it, to couple it together: by the two edges was it coupled together.

  • In addition to the blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the Ephod is made of gold.
  • The gold is beat into thin plates and then cut into wires.
  • These wires were then worked into the blue, purple, scarlet and fine twined linen.
  • Previous descriptions of the priest’s garments did not discuss anything related to working the gold into the other materials.
  • This was not done for all parts of the priest’s garments.
  • Shoulder pieces were made to couple together the ephod.

Exodus 39:5

5 And the curious girdle of his ephod, that upon it, of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • The curious girdle or belt is an intricately woven belt that is used to keep the ephod together and closely fitted to the priest.
  • Like the ephod, the girdle or belt has gold worked into the material.

Exodus 39:6-7

6 And they made onyx stones enclosed in settings of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel. 7 And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • There were two onyx stones.
  • Each had 6 names of the children of Israel engraved on them.
  • The names were according to birth, Exodus 28:10

10 Six of their names on one stone, and six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.

  • It is not stated which shoulder, right or left, had the first name.
  • Considering that Hebrew is right to left, more than likely the older names would be on the right shoulder.

Exodus 39:8-9

8 And he made the breastplate cunning work, like the work of the ephod; gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. 9 It was foursquare; they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof, doubled.

  • A breastplate was made of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen.
  • As such, the gold would again be worked into the other materials.
  • The breastplate was square, each side was a span, the Hebrew word זֶרֶת zeret (H2239).
  • The material was doubled over. Nevertheless, its dimensions were a zeret by a zeret.

Exodus 39:10-14

10 And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row. 11 And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. 12 And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. 13 And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were enclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosing. 14 And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.

  • The breastplate had four rows of stones as follows:
Row Stone Stone Stone
1 sardius topaz carbuncle
2 emerald sapphire diamond
3 ligure agate amethyst
4 beryl onyx jasper
  • Each stone was in a setting or enclosure of gold.
  • Each stone had one of the names of the sons of Israel, Exodus 28:21.

21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

  • Again the order is not specified. More than likely the upper right stone had Ruben’s name and the next would be by birth.  However, it does not even specify birth order in this case.

Exodus 39:15-18

15 And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold. 16 And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate. 17 And they put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate. 18 And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, before it.

  • On the breastplate were two enclosures that the two rings of gold were attached to.
  • Then chains made of gold were attached to the two rings.
  • These chains were then attached to the enclosures that held the onyx stones on the shoulders.

Exodus 39:19

19 And they made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of it, which was on the side of the ephod inward.

  • An additional two rings of gold were made.
  • These were attached to the ends of the breastplate.
  • These rings were attached to side of the ephod towards the inward part.

Exodus 39:20

20 And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.

  • Two more rings were made that were put on the ephod underneath towards the front.
  • Theses rings were above the girdle, belt.

Exodus 39:21

21 And they did bind the breastplate by his rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • Laces of blue were used to attach the lower rings on the breastplate to the rings on the ephod.
  • This would secure the ephod and the breast place together.

Exodus 39:22-23

22 And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue. 23 And there was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon, with a band round about the hole, that it should not rend.

  • A robe of blue was made.
  • There was a hole in the middle to put the priest’s head through.
  • There was binding around the hole to ensure it would not tear.

Exodus 39:24-26

24 And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen. 25 And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates; 26 A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • On the hem of the robe were pomegranates of blue, purple, scarlet and twined linen and bells of gold.
  • It was such that, the bells were between the pomegranates along the entire hem of the robe.

Exodus 39:27-31

27 And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons, 28 And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen, 29 And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as Yehovah commanded Moses. 30 And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO YEHOVAH. 31 And they tied to it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as Yehovah commanded Moses.

  • The following were made for Aaron and his sons:
  • Coats of fine linen.
  • A mitre or turban of fine linen (Aaron only).
  • Bonnets or caps of fine linen (sons only).
  • Linen breeches.
  • Girdles of fine twined linen, blue, purple and scarlet (sons only).
  • The wording in Exodus 39:27-29 is not as specific as it was in Exodus 28.
  • The mitre was for Aaron, Exodus 28:36-38.

36 And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO YEHOVAH. 37 And you shall put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be. 38 And it shall be upon Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before Yehovah.

  • The gold plate was held on to the mitre with blue lace.

Exodus 39:32-42

32 Thus was all the work of the Mishkan of the Ohel of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that Yehovah commanded Moses, so did they. 33 And they brought the Mishkan to Moses, the Ohel, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets, 34 And the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers’ skins, and the veil of the covering, 35 The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat, 36 The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread, 37 The pure Menorah, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light, 38 And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door, 39 The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot, 40 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the Mishkan, for the Ohel of the congregation, 41 The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons’ garments, to minister in the priest’s office. 42 According to all that Yehovah commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.

  • When everything was completed it was brought before Moses.
  • Moses did the final inspection to ensure that all parts were made according to the pattern Yehovah specified in the mountain.

Exodus 39:43

43 And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as Yehovah had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.

  • Moses approved of the work that was done.
  • It had met the requirements as set forth by Yehovah.

The importance of making all things according to the pattern as set forth by Yehovah cannot be emphasized enough, Hebrews 8:5.

Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, says He, that you make all things according to the pattern showed to you in the mount.

  • Just as Yehovah has set forth a pattern for the tabernacle, He has for all things.
  • The Bible gives the basic pattern for the believer.
  • One should not be too quick to deviate from the pattern.
  • However, that has not been the case for most followers.
  • Very few generations followed the pattern of Yehovah and even fewer have done so since Messiah.
  • However, just because so many fail to follow the pattern that does not excuse anyone.
  • All true followers should endeavor to understand and follow the pattern as Yehovah set forth in His word, 2 Corinthians 13:5.

Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know you not your own selves, how that Yeshua Messiah is in you, except you be reprobates?

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