Leviticus 6 has several subsection with in it. It includes the final sin offering category. It is a covert sin. There are additional guidelines for burnt offerings, grain offerings, Priest anointing, sanctity of offerings and removing ashes from the Altar of Burnt Offerings.
1 And Yehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 2 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass (ma’al) against Yehovah, and lie to his neighbor in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbor; 3 Or have found that which was lost, and lied concerning it, and swears falsely; in any of all these that a man does, sinning in respect:
Again, trespass comes from the Hebrew word מָעַל ma‘al (H4604) as in Leviticus 5:15. It indicates an act of covertness or to cover-up. There is some willingness to commit although, it may be ignorant. It is an act committed by a person who knows better, but who, for selfish motives, acts in bad faith. Prior to this, sin is the Hebrew word חַטָּאָה chattaʾah (H2403). It is a more general sin.
This is considered a sin against Yehovah. The condition of this is to lie to a neighbor. Neighbor does not necessarily refer to someone living next door. In the context of New Testament, this is just about anyone and could even be your enemy. We should not lie to anyone. Nor should we ever act in a covert manner. A believer should be clear in speech and action. They should say and do in a understandable manner. One should not have to guess what a believer’s motives are or what they mean by what they say.
Specifically in this case, this covers the following:
- Something was delivered to an individual to keep.
- Or in fellowship.
- Or in a thing taken away by violence.
- Or has deceived your neighbor.
- Or have found that which was lost, and lied concerning it, and swears falsely.
When you look at all the categories of sins in Leviticus 5 and 6, only when the Hebrew word מָעַל ma‘al (H4604) is used is it a sin against Yehovah, Leviticus 5:15.
15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of Yehovah; then he shall bring for his trespass to Yehovah a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with you estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:
Leviticus 5 is referring to a covert sin against the holy things of Yehovah and Leviticus 6:2-3 is referring to a sin against one’s neighbor. These sins correspond with Mark 12:29-31.
29 And Yeshua answered him, The first of all the commandments, Hear, Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength: this the first commandment. 31 And the second like this, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
4 Then it shall be, because he has sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he has deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, 5 Or all that about which he has sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, give it to him to whom it appertains, in the day of his trespass offering.
One of the penalties associated with this sin is the one who stole must restore the principle and an additional fifth. This is to be done on the day of the offering.
Again, it is only this and the one corresponding to Leviticus 5:15 that there is a form of restitution.
6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to Yehovah, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest: 7 And the priest shall make an atonement for him before Yehovah: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he has done in trespassing therein.
The individual that committed the trespass is required to bring a ram and pay the cost plus a fifth part. When that is done then the individual will be forgiven.
8 And Yehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night to the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.
These are additional guidance for the Burnt Offerings (Leviticus 1) and the Altar of Burnt Offerings. The burnt offering is to burn all night until morning. By morning there should not be much left if anything.
10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire has consumed with the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar. 11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes without the camp to a clean place.
When the priest removes the ashes from the Altar of Burnt Offering, they are to be wearing their linen garment and breeches. Once the ashes have been removed and they are ready to move the ashes, the priest is to remove their linen garment and breeches. The ashes are to be taken by the priest to a clean place outside the camp.
This is similar to what will happen at the end of the millennium. After the division of the sheep and goats during the millennium, Restitution of All things; the ash of the goats will be taken to a place that is outside Jerusalem far from the kingdom.
It is interesting that the priest is to remove the linen garment and to be dressed like the common people when outside the court of the Ohel. On a similar subject, Yeshua states in Matthew 23:5-9.
5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, 6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, 7 And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 8 But you are not to be called Rabbi: for one is your Master, Messiah; and you are all brethren. 9 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
True that this is referring to the Rabbis and Pharisees; however, it has application today. Yeshua had issues with the professional clergy. It was supposed to be replaced by the laity, the common people. Yet today, there is professional clergy who have taken the place of the priests and pharisees. Today, it is woe unto the person that does not address a pastor with their title. Many of these clergy work less hours than their parishioners. For many, it has become more of a job than a calling.
12 And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it; and he shall burn thereon the fat of the peace offerings. 13 The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.
The fires of the Altar of Burnt Offering are to be continuous. This could represent a problem for the priest removing the ashes. It does not state that fires should be lowered to remove ashes. Once the fires were started, they were to be kept going continuously.
As such, working at the Altar there was intense heat. It will be similar for those that are in the priesthood during the millennium. As it has been for everyone called into the ministry of God. It is something one does with the potential of being burnt. However, as one becomes skilled as in 2 Timothy 2:24-26.
24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all, apt to teach, patient, 25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; 26 And they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
The likelihood of being burnt becomes less as one matures in the spirit. And learns how to minister to others.
14 And this is the Torah of the grain offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before Yehovah, before the altar. 15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the grain offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the grain offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savor, the memorial offering of it, to Yehovah.
This next subsection of Leviticus 6 provides guidance for the grain offerings. The priest is to take a portion of the grain offering and burn it on the Altar. This includes the flour, oil and frankincense. This will be a sweet savor to Yehovah. It will represent a remembrance.
From Leviticus 2, there are 5 grain offerings not counting the Firstfruit offerings. The guidelines above should be applied to all 5 grain offerings.
16 And the remainder thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: with unleavened bread shall it be eaten in the holy place; in the court of the Ohel of the congregation they shall eat it.
The remainder of the grain offering is to be eaten by the priest in the Holy Place. This would be eaten with the shewbread.
17 It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it to them for their portion of My offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as is the sin offering, and as the trespass offering. 18 All the males among the children of Aaron shall eat of it. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations concerning the offerings of Yehovah made by fire: every one that touches them shall be holy.
At no point is the grain offering to ever be made with leaven. The only grain offering that is made with leaven is the Firstfruit Offering of Shavous, Leviticus 23:16-17. However, this is never to be burnt on the Altar of Burnt Offerings.
16 Even to the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new grain offering to Yehovah. 17 You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; the firstfruits to Yehovah.
The grain offerings are only to be touched by those that are holy, the priests.
This brings up an interesting point. Believers are to be a grain offering to God. It is only through the priest class, the most holy believers, that believers are presented to God. In this lifetime, we go through Messiah, John 6:37.
37 All that the Father gives Me shall come to Me; and him that comes to Me I will in no wise cast out.
In the future, new believers will be presented to Yehovah through the Bride, Romans 11:30-32.
30 For as you in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: 31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. 32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that He might have mercy upon all.
19 And Yehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 20 This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer to Yehovah in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night. 21 In a pan it shall be made with oil; baked, you shall bring it in: the baked pieces of the grain offering shall you offer for a sweet savor to Yehovah.
This is the grain offering of the priest. Prior to this, there was no distinguishing of what grain offering applied to what circumstance. This is the fourth grain offering type of the 5 possibilities. It is to be split between morning and evening.
22 And the priest of his sons that is anointed in his stead shall offer it: it is a statute for ever to Yehovah; it shall be wholly burnt. 23 For every grain offering for the priest shall be wholly burnt: it shall not be eaten.
This is to be done for every priest that follows. No portion of this offering is to be eaten. It is to be completely burnt up on the Altar.
24 And Yehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 25 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the Torah of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before Yehovah: it is most holy.
Sin offering are most holy. Therefore they must be handled with the upmost care. They are most holy, because they represent the repentance of the individual. This is the first step in reconciling a condition with God. True repentance is described in 2 Corinthians 7:10.
10 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death.
When God grants repentance, the individual that receives it has made one more step towards the light.
26 The priest that offers it for sin shall eat it: in the holy place shall it be eaten, in the court of the Ohel of the congregation.
The priest is to eat the sin offering in the Holy Place. Thereby making the priest a sin eater. As if the sin never existed. This is exactly what Yeshua does for our sin that are fully repented of, Micah 7:18-20.
18 Who is a God like to You, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of His heritage? He retains not His anger for ever, because He delights in mercy. 19 He will turn again, He will have compassion upon us; He will subdue our iniquities; and You will cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. 20 You will perform the truth to Jacob, the mercy to Abraham, which You have sworn to our fathers from the days of old.
27 Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof shall be holy: and when there is sprinkled of the blood thereof upon any garment, you shall wash that whereon it was sprinkled in the holy place. 28 But the earthen vessel wherein it is sodden shall be broken: and if it be sodden in a brasen pot, it shall be both scoured, and rinsed in water.
Garments are to be washed. However, pots or containers are slightly different. If it was an earthen vessel that can absorb, it is to be broken and not used again. Brasen comes from the Hebrew word נְחשֶׁת nechoshet (H5178). It is in the Bible 141 times. נְחשֶׁת nechoshet (H5178) is translated brass 103 times, brasen 28 times, fetters 4 times, chain 3 times, copper 1 time, filthiness 1 time and steel 1 time. It refers to something made of metal. If the offering was cooked in a metal container, it is to be scoured and rinsed in water.
These represent how we come to Messiah. Initially, an individual comes as an earthen vessel that must be broken. As they start to overcome sin, they are no longer broken the are scrubbed clean and wash by the word. This process continues through a believer’s life until they are completely refined.
29 All the males among the priests shall eat thereof: it is most holy.
Only the priest are to eat the sin offering. This is because the offering is holy and the priest are anointed to be holy. They are the only ones.
30 And no sin offering, whereof of the blood is brought into the Ohel of the congregation to reconcile in the holy, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
No sin offering blood is to be brought into the holy place it is to be burnt on the Altar.
Return to Leviticus
Return to Books of the Bible
Return to Bible Studies