Obadiah, Servant of Yehovah

This discussion takes a look at the Book of Obadiah.  It can be found between Amos and Jonah.  Obadiah is only 21 verses long, making it the shortest book of the Hebrew Scriptures, Obadiah 1-21.

1The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord Yehovah concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from Yehovah, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle. 2Behold, I have made thee small among the heathen: thou art greatly despised. 3The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground? 4Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith Yehovah. 5If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes?  6How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up! 7All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.    8Shall I not in that day, saith Yehovah, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau? 9And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter. 10For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. 11In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them.  12But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress.  13Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity;  14Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress.  15For the day of Yehovah is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. 16For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.  17But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.   18And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for Yehovah hath spoken it. 19And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.  21And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be Yehovah’s.

Honestly if one was to look at the Book of Obadiah from a historical point of view, there would not be much value.  However, if one studies the spiritual message; they would find a significant lesson.

The Book of Obadiah was more than likely written after the Fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians in 586 B.C.  It was a judgment against the Edomites, Genesis 32:3.

3And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Edomites descended from Esau.  They were related to Judah by blood.

There are those that question why Obadiah is a part of the Bible.  But, I assure you that the message of Obadiah will more than confirm its placement in the Bible.  Obadiah’s prophecy is also confirmed in other places in the Hebrew scriptures.  Jeremiah writes of the destruction of Edom in Jeremiah 49:7-22.  For instance Jeremiah 49:7-9.

7Concerning Edom, thus saith Yehovah of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished? 8Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.  9If grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.

Obadiah 5

5If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes?

Jeremiah 49:16

16Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith Yehovah.

Obadiah 3-4

3The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground? 4Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith Yehovah.

Joel also makes references to Edom and the continuing of Judah, Joel 3:19-21.

19Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land. 20But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.  21For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for Yehovah dwelleth in Zion.

Obadiah’s prophecy is confirmed by others prophets.  This study will not focus on the historical prophecy, as much as, it will on the future beyond the destruction of Edom.

Next Obadiah’s Message

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